The Psychology Probe: 20 Questions on the Human Mind

The Psychology Probe: 20 Questions on the Human Mind Quiz

Question 1: What is the term for the part of the personality in Freud’s psychoanalytic theory that is responsible for meeting the demands of the id in a socially acceptable way?

A) Ego

B) Superego

C) Id

Question 2: Which psychological perspective emphasizes the role of thought processes in determining behavior?

A) Behavioral

B) Cognitive

C) Psychodynamic

Question 3: What is the phenomenon where a person overestimates how much others notice their appearance or behavior?

A) Spotlight effect

B) Social loafing

C) Group polarization

Question 4: What is the name of the effect when people tend to remember the first and last items in a series better than the middle items?

A) Primacy and recency effect

B) Serial position effect

C) Von Restorff effect

Question 5: Which neurotransmitter is primarily involved in mood regulation and is commonly associated with feelings of well-being and happiness?

A) Dopamine

B) Serotonin

C) GABA

Question 6: What is the term for the process by which we interpret, analyze, remember, and use information about the social world?

A) Social cognition

B) Social facilitation

C) Social comparison

Question 7: What is the name of the bias where individuals attribute their successes to internal factors and their failures to external factors?

A) Fundamental attribution error

B) Self-serving bias

C) Confirmation bias

Question 8: What is the term for the improved performance on tasks in the presence of others?

A) Social loafing

B) Groupthink

C) Social facilitation

Question 9: What is the term for the discomfort we feel when two thoughts or beliefs we hold are inconsistent with each other?

A) Cognitive dissonance

B) Confirmation bias

C) Belief perseverance

Question 10: Which type of memory has an essentially unlimited capacity and can hold information over lengthy periods of time?

A) Short-term memory

B) Sensory memory

C) Long-term memory

Question 11: What is the term for the learning process where two stimuli are repeatedly paired; a response that is at first elicited by the second stimulus is eventually elicited by the first stimulus alone?

A) Operant conditioning

B) Classical conditioning

C) Observational learning

Question 12: Which part of the brain is primarily responsible for regulating emotions and forming emotional memories?

A) Hippocampus

B) Amygdala

C) Prefrontal cortex

Question 13: What is the term for the study of how people’s thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others?

A) Social psychology

B) Cognitive psychology

C) Personality psychology

Question 14: What is the term for the consistent pattern of thought and behavior that an individual typically displays across different situations?

A) Temperament

B) Personality

C) Attitude

Question 15: What is the term for the phenomenon where people in a group tend to go along with the group opinion without critically evaluating the decision or alternatives?

A) Group polarization

B) Social loafing

C) Groupthink

Question 16: What is the term for the relatively stable and enduring patterns of thought, feeling, and behavior that are expressed by individuals in a variety of circumstances?

A) Traits

B) States

C) Roles

Question 17: What is the term for the type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followed by a reinforcer or diminished if followed by a punisher?

A) Classical conditioning

B) Operant conditioning

C) Observational learning

Question 18: What is the term for the mental process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses?

A) Perception

B) Cognition

C) Intuition

Question 19: What is the term for the psychological conflict that occurs when a person holds two contradictory beliefs or thoughts?

A) Cognitive dissonance

B) Doublethink

C) Split-brain syndrome

Question 20: What is the term for the tendency to search for, interpret, favor, and recall information in a way that confirms one’s preexisting beliefs or hypotheses?

A) Confirmation bias

B) Self-fulfilling prophecy

C) Hindsight bias

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